Kaziranga is one of the most famous national parks in Assam. Spread over 858 square kilometres and located in the floodplains of the beautiful river Brahmaputra, the park is home to five huge mammals of India, Eastern Swamp Deer, Great Indian one-horned Rhinoceros, Asiatic Wild Buffalo, Royal Bengal Tiger, and Asiatic Elephant. Kaziranga also houses a significant population of several rare and endangered species. The park was conferred upon with World Heritage Status in 1985.
The beautiful place is visited by many thousands of tourists from all over the world. Kaziranga is a paradise for wildlife enthusiasts. Originally established as a reserve forest in 1908, Kaziranga was declared a sanctuary in 1916 to counter extensive poaching of the rhinoceros. In 1974, the Indian Government demarcated the present area as a national park. Then, in 2007, it was declared a tiger reserve under the Central Government’s Project Tiger scheme.
The park is categorized into 5 different ranges:
• Central Part – It is the point of entry at Kohora
• Western Part – It is the point of entry at Bagori
• Eastern Part – It is the point of entry at Agratoli
• Western Part – It is the point of entry at Ghorakati
• Northern Part
The best way to explore national park is on elephant back. This way, one can enjoy the beautiful sight of these gentle creatures. Visitors to this place love to enjoy the amazing sight of buffaloes and deer.
Kaziranga National Park has been recognized as the world heritage site. It is a soul arresting site that awakens and excites senses of every visitor. It is widely acclaimed for housing two-thirds of Great One-horned rhinoceros of the world. The place boasts highest numbers of tigers among all of the world’s protected areas. This is also the reason that in 2006, the national park was acknowledged as a Tiger Reserve.
Although tiger sighting is a difficult task owing to tall lush grasses, the presence of this wonderful animal can be felt here through pug marks and territorial markings. The park housing a large population of elephants, swamp deer, and wild water buffalo.
Wildlife in Kaziranga:
The park habitats the Asiatic Elephant, the Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros, the Asiatic Wild Buffalo, and the Royal Bengal Tiger. Apart from being the official home to rhinoceros, Kaziranga also provides excellent birding opportunities. It is one of the best birding destinations across the world. It invites several migratory birds in winter. This national park is blessed with 478 species of birds.
Flora at Kaziranga:
The Kaziranga National Park is home to three main types of vegetation:
• Tropical wet evergreen forests
• Alluvial inundated grasslands
• Tropical semi-evergreen forests
The place is home to the largest floodplain grassland (one of its kind). Forbs and trees like Emblica officinalis, Bombax ceiba, Careya arborea, and Dillenia indica. The place is widely known for a variety of shrubs such Duabanga grandiflora, Crateva unilocularis, Grewia serrulata, Bridelia retusa, etc. The silk cotton tree here turns red in summer. The park is also home to a number of swamps, rivers, and water bodies.
Climate at Kaziranga:
Kaziranga National Park enjoys three distinctive seasons, namely; summer, winter, and monsoon. Summers are usually dry and windy. The season starts from mid-February and continues through the month of May. The mean maximum and minimum temperatures during summers are 37 degree Celsius and 7 degree Celsius respectively. The monsoon season starts from May and ends in September. The environment is very humid and warm during this season. The place experiences around 222 mm falls in the monsoon. The month of November marks the advent of winters which extends until mid-February. The environment becomes mild and dry during this season.
Best Time to Visit Kaziranga:
The best time to visit Kaziranga National Park is November to April. The park remains closed from June to September.